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I have two polygon layers, one from 2015 and the other from 2018. Each layer has an attribute field with a number from 1-14 which describes the physical conditions of houses. There are 15,000+ houses in each layer.

What I'd like to do using ArcMap is to create a map that answers the following question:

Are the housing conditions in 2018 better, the same, or worse than 2015?

Image below: YEAR 2015

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Image below: YEAR 2018

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    What exactly are you trying to ask? Are the housing conditions better for particular residents? For sections of the area? Or on average for the area as a whole? It's not very clear what you're trying to achieve from your question. – lambertj Oct 5 '18 at 20:11
  • If you also want to ask how to do this in QGIS, please do that in a separate question. – PolyGeo Oct 5 '18 at 20:27
  • Assuming the polygons represent parcels, is there a parcelID that you can use to join the two different parcel tables? – Kirk Kuykendall Oct 5 '18 at 22:23
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Spatial Join the data from 2015 to 2018 using match option HAVE_THEIR_CENTER_IN. This will join the attributes from 2015 to the attribute table of the 2018 feature class.

Then add a field and calculate using Field Calculator with some if/else statements to check for each house if the condition is better or worse. This field can be used to symbolize better/worse like in your screenshots.

If you also want to check if overall condition has improved, use Summary Statistics to Count number of better or worse.

Another way would be: Enabling time on your data. But probably not worth the effort when you only have two "times", 2015 and 2018.

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