require: raster package

I am having trouble masking values of one raster using values in another. This is similar to this question:


but it doesn't have the moving window (focal function) as a component of the question. I have two rasters with the same dimension, extent, projection.

Raster "MAT2resampled" is a raster with a wide range of temperature indices enter image description here Raster "wintPCP" is a second raster with pixel values of 1, O, and NA enter image description here

The only pixels I want from MAT2resampled are those with the value 1 in wintPCP.

I used this code: PthreshWint2 <- mask(MAT2resampled, wintPCP)

When I plot PthreshWint2, it doesn't appear as though the MAT2resampled raster has been masked at all. I think I'm missing something simple.

enter image description here

I have posted the two rasters here: https://drive.google.com/open?id=118kCu6QpoXSYmA17PpODRhHDJefHPkx1


  • Change the values of 0 in wintPCP to NA first then mask Oct 8, 2019 at 18:29
  • 2
    Please try and make examples with smaller data sets - these are way too large for many people to bother downloading. If you can create sample data in code then that's even better.
    – Spacedman
    Oct 8, 2019 at 19:29

2 Answers 2


You have a mask with 0, 1, and NA values and you want to keep only the 1s. Hence you need to convert 0 and NA to the same value.

Here's a bit of a trick. Diving m by itself results in NA where m is 0 or NA (since 0/0 returns NaN, which acts like NA in mask) and 1 where its 1:

rmask = mask(r,m/m)

not sure if that's any quicker than the other solutions.

  • Thanks. That's a slick little trick. Appreciate the help Oct 9, 2019 at 13:03

First change the values of 0 in wintPCP to NA:

wintPCP[wintPCP == 0] <- NA

then mask:

masked_ras <- mask(MAT2resampled, wintPCP)

  • Thanks! That worked. Wasn't obvious that I needed to include that step. Oct 9, 2019 at 13:02

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