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16

You can download the "official" EU administrative/statistical units from Eurostat's GISCO service. The vector layers are available as ESRI Shapefiles and Personal GDBs, at different resolutions from here. Note, in order to extract the country level polygons as below, you will need to extract all features based on the following query STAT_LEVL_ = 1 from ...


12

The EU has a Corine landcover derivative dataset, Urban morphological zones, which gives polygons of urban areas across Europe defined as: A set of urban areas laying less than 200m apart The link to download is: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/urban-morphological-zones-2000-umz2000-f1v0-1 The page also contains detailed information about ...


10

Since 2013 there is the EU-DEM 25 m: new Digital Surface Model (DSM), representing the first surface as illuminated by the sensors. You can download the GeoTIFF files here: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/eu-dem#tab-gis-data In 2014/2015 there will be the release of the worldwide SRTM 30m data as announced here: https://www1.nga.mil/MediaRoom/...


10

Natural Earth is a great source for free data, including country and state borders, at a variety of scales. You would just need to select European countries using the attribute table.


8

In 2016, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) released a new free 30 m (1 arcsec) resolution global topographic data set called ALOS Global Digital Surface Model "ALOS World 3D - 30m" (AW3D30) (http://www.eorc.jaxa.jp/ALOS/en/aw3d30/). It is stated as having a 5 m height accuracy and has been compiled from images taken with the Advanced Land ...


8

Thought I'd share what I found through lengthy research. It seems, the UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) has conducted a transportation network census in 2005. Hidden deep inside their Website, I have found this: http://www.unece.org/transport/areas-of-work/transport-statistics/statistics-and-data-online/e-roads/transmainwp6e-roads-...


8

You can download world countries from ArcGIS Online and then open the attribute table, select by attribute (CONTINENT = 'Europe') and then right click to export Europe as a new layer. Presumably you can do the same with other global data sets you've found.


6

You can download nightly OpenStreetMap Europe snapshots from here: http://download.geofabrik.de/osm/ As of today: europe.osm.bz2 03-May-2012 06:31 11G OpenStreetMap data, bzip2 compressed europe.osm.pbf 03-May-2012 00:56 7.8G OpenStreetMap data, protobuf binary format Using GDAL/OGR you can then extract the roads with a SQL statement (see ...


6

You could use the OverpassAPI because it is not that much data. You can easily construct a statement that filters for aeroway=aerodrome via http://overpass-turbo.eu As always please be skeptical about the quality/coverage of OSM data and it's tagging. Maybe it's worth to have a look at this page and parse the data (if open licensed): http://www....


5

The ASTER GDEM v.2 coverage spans from 83 degrees north latitude to 83 degrees south. Each elevation measurement point in the data is 30 meters apart (also in Europe) see ASTER Global DEM (GDEM) Version 2 Released with Significant Updates Download tiles from NASA


5

National Grid Transmission Network Shapefiles Available data: Over Head line Tower Substation Site Gas Site Gas Pipe Cable Shapefiles are in the OSGB36 (Ordnance Survey National) projection.


5

A GRASS-GIS way: get the NUTS 2013 ESRI Shapefile wget http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/GISCO/geodatafiles/NUTS_2013_01M_SH.zip unzip unzip NUTS_2013_01M_SH.zip and, if not existing, create a Location based on EPSG 3035 grass72 -c NUTS_RG_01M_2013.shp /geo/grassdb/europe/etrs_1989_laea Else skip the next command and enter in a Location based on the ...


5

In my organisation, we use the ETRS89 Geographic Coordinate System (EPSG:4258) across all of our datasets. This ensures consistency and makes data management processing a lot easier. It is based on the global WGS84 system, however it is focussed on Europe, fixed to the stable part of the Eurasian continental plate and takes into account tectonic plate ...


4

OpenStreeMap uses Prototype_Global_Shoreline (PGS) The data has been improved by users so the more accurate source is direct from OSM. http://shoreline.noaa.gov/data/datasheets/pgs.html http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Coastline http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Prototype_Global_Shoreline Errors still exist - a map showing these errors is available: ...


4

For this, EuroGeographic (one of the official European GIS data provider) released as an opendata product the EuroGlobalMap dataset Data contrary to the link info about "Delivery formats available" can be directly downloaded as SHP (not "on demand") The dataset contains six themes: Administrative boundaries The water network Transport networks Settlements ...


4

R. 70 and 80 will be difficult, Weather/ Preciptation data only: There first address for preciptation data is European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts in Reading. http://www.ecmwf.int/ There are bunch of data products mostly free for download. Look for the data center, reanalysis projects adressing the 60s and 80s. There is a project called ...


4

NaturalEarth has a worldwide railroads layer. It maps the rail lines and has no indication of whether they are used for passenger or cargo travel.


4

Short answer: YES Long answer: The LAEA projection EPSG:3035 is based on +lat_0=52 +lon_0=10. You get equal areas everywhere across Europe, but distortion of distance and shape increase from the center point. The DACH region is centered about 50°N 11°E, so you could set up a custom CRS like this: +proj=laea +lat_0=50 +lon_0=11 +x_0=5000000 +y_0=3200000 +...


3

European Reanalysis Interim (ERA-Interim) | European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts State-of-the-art 3rd generation reanalysis (1979-present) with robust physics and data assimilation.0.75°x0.75° global grid with 60 vertical levels. Well suited for climate study within the satellite era. European Reanalysis 40-year (ERA-40) | European ...


3

You should also try Open Meteo Foundation API. It covers all Europe On the same web site, you can also get raw data for forecast using their server. The licence is really open e.g https://openmeteoforecast.org/wiki/License


3

This page gives you border shapefiles of the whole world over the centuries: http://library.thinkquest.org/C006628/GIS.html UPDATE The services has been discontinued, see the answer from Joseph below. If you want more details, you might georeferenece and digitize some old maps from here: http://www.wildernis.eu/chart-room/ But don't expect too much ...


3

Following from markusN, there are OpenStreetmap downloads at GeoFabrik that are in shapefile format and therefore don't require processing (depending on the dataset). Alternately, there's one here: http://www.mapcruzin.com/free-europe-arcgis-maps-shapefiles.htm But at 900MB, I suspect its not abstracted.


3

I'd say check out WeoGeo's site: http://market.weogeo.com/datasets/osm-openstreetmap-planet.html You can draw a bounding box, select geometry types, and even filter by attributes.


3

I suggest to use one of the LAEA or LCC Europe projections: EPSG 5633, 5635, 5636, 5638 LAEA Europe EPSG 5632, 5634, 5637, 5639 LCC Europe All EPSG codes of the same type seem to have the same projection parameters. ESRI also offers projections Europe_Albers_Equal_Area_Conic (102013) and Europe_Equidistant_Conic (102031), but they almost look the same.


3

Have you ever looked at all the data provided by the European Union and its member states? Such as eurostat or inspire geoportal? Within eurostat you will find a page on population density which will help you in your quest...but you will likely have to do some manipulation bringing together several products to create what you are looking for. Like download ...


3

Today LiDAR data are quite often used in different research fields. In some country, that type of dataset is freely accessible. Given the extent of the area you are interested in, I think you may want to stick with something rather coarse, mainly (but not exclusively) for computation/processing reasons. Please note that there is something slightly less ...


2

Here you have a very good shapefile for oceans and seas. You don't have island's names, but it has a very good precision. http://openstreetmapdata.com/data/water-polygons I suggest you to download the non-simplified version, that has much more accuracy and complexity.


2

Unfortunately, unless you find someone other than Esri that is willing to share locator styles with you, you are out of luck. We have being building our own locators for Canadian style addresses, and even with enterprise developer support from Esri, it has not been easy. The documentation is non-existent beyond the whitepaper, which is little help with ...


2

Please check out http://data.freshwaterbiodiversity.eu/shapefiles/ it may help. This contains lot of shape files for research.


2

Unfortunately, ThinkQuest has been discontinued as of 1st July 2013. However, their data has been archived, most of which should be available from the ThinkQuest Library. Hopefully you can still find what you're looking for :)


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